The Tayma' oasis, located some 260 kilometers southeast of the city of Tabuk, is one of the most famous historical sites in which the concept of civilization is illustrated in all its dimensions. In past times, it was an oasis of fertile soil, settled by the Thamudian Arabs and the Amalekites. The climate of the Tayma' oasis is continental, hot in summer and cold in winter. The oasis is well known for its groves and freshwater. In addition, it is one of the richest places in ancient monuments and historical sites in the region of Tabuk.
The Tayma' oasis has always been a connection bridge between the civilizations of the Levant, Persia, and Egypt. It was mentioned many times in the cuneiform inscriptions, which proves that it was the capital of Babylon in the eighth century BC. It was also mentioned in the Aramaic inscriptions, as written in the Tayma' stone, which is still on display in the Louvre. It is also mentioned in the Nabatean and Thamudic texts, and one of its calligraphies was called the Timani script. Some bones of extinct animals, the most famous of which is the tusk of a mammoth elephant dating back thousands of years, were discovered in the Tayma' oasis. A hieroglyphic inscription bearing the signature of King Ramses III, who ruled Egypt between 1160 - 1192 BC, was also discovered there. Before Islam, the Tayma' oasis was ruled by different ruling systems. It enjoyed an active role in Islamic history until it came under Saudi rule. Since then, the Tayma' oasis became one of the most beautiful cities in the northern part of Saudi Arabia.
The Haddaj water well
The stunning water well of Haddaj, located in the center of the city of Tayma', is one of the great and most famous water wells in Saudi Arabia. This water well, which is surrounded by date palm trees, is built of stones. It is 15 meters in diameter, with a depth of more than 10 meters. The Babylonian king Nabonidus ordered the construction of this water well in the first millennium BC. It derives its importance as the inexhaustible source of water for the date palm trees in the Tayma' oasis. It was restored and then became one of the most important tourist attractions in the region.
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The Tayma' wall
The Tayma' Wall, or the great wall of Tayma', is an archaeologically significant perimeter. It is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the region. The wall surrounds the ancient Tayma' village from its western, southern, and eastern sides. The wall, constructed in the sixth century BC, was built from mud-and-brick, with a height of more than ten meters, a thickness of up to two meters, and it extends to more than ten kilometers. It was used to protect the city from foreign invasions. The wall has five gates and features some facilities and control towers.
The Ibn Roumman palace
The palace, located in the center of the Tayma' governorate, is a beautiful historic fortress. The fortress is surrounded by double walls and control towers. It was built of mud-and-brick according to the Najd architecture style known in the region of Ha'il. The people in the region built the fortress in three years using the natural materials available in the region. The fortress boasts an area of about six thousand square meters, and it is located within walking distance from the well-known Haddaj water well
The palace, located in the center of the ancient village of Tayma', is one of the most famous historical monuments in the region of Tabuk. It is part of the remaining ruins of a square stone building with an old water well in the middle. It is built from huge stone pillars, 34 meters long, 25 meters wide, and what remains of its walls rises to about three and a half meters. The name of this palace, which dates back to 500 BC, means stones in the dialect of the people of northern Saudi Arabia.:
This traditional palace is located on the east side of the Haddaj water well. It was built in 1220 AH, with an area of approximately 800 square meters. The palace boasts a traditional mosque built from mud-and-brick according to the Najd architecture style. It is one of the most attractive tourist attractions in the region.:
This palace, located on the northern side of Tayma', is one of the archaeological and tourist attractions in the region. Its building dates back to the middle of the sixth century BC. Ancient artifacts, inscriptions, Aramaic and Thamudic texts, and metal objects were discovered in this palace. The palace was built from wrought stones and boasts a temple, some rooms, and a group of stone walls.:
Al-Fajr heritage museum
The museum, established by Fahd Al-Fajr, simulates the style of the ancient Timani architecture and boasts a large number of artifacts that reflect the history of the ancient city of Tayma'; such as ancient weapons, kitchenware for cooking all kinds of Arabic coffee, traditional cooking and service utensils sets, decorative tools for women, ancient coins, watering tools, and nomadic tools.